Cervical cancer is cancer that starts in the cervix, the narrow opening into the uterus from the vagina. The normal “ectocervix” (the portion of the uterus extending into the vagina) is a healthy pink color and is covered with flat, thin cells called squamous cells. The “endocervix” or cervical canal is made up of another kind of cell called columnar cells. The area where these cells meet is called the “transformation zone” (T-zone) and is the most likely location for abnormal or precancerous cells to develop.
Cervical Cancer Awareness
- Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer among women
- Primary cause of cancer related deaths in females in developing countries
- IN INDIA , most common cancer in women
- 80% New Cervical Cancer cases occur in developing countries
- India has approx. 1/4TH of the world’s cervical cancer load!!! ONE Woman dies of cervical cancer every 8 minutes in INDIA
- With 73,000 women dying every year, INDIA “TOPS” cervical cancer deaths
Do you know?
Cervical Cancer is the only cancer which is in fact 100% preventable!!!!!
|Patient Status||Recommended Screening Method||Comments|
|<21 years old||No screening||Sexual history is not a consideration|
|21-29 years old||Cytology alone every 3 years|
|30-65 years old||Preferred: HPV and cytology co-testing every 5 years
Acceptable: Cytology alone every 3 years
|>65 years old||Screening can be discontinued after either three consecutive negative cytology tests or two negative cytology and HPV tests within 10 years, provided the most recent test was within 5 years||Women with a history of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 2, CIN 3, or adenocarcinoma in situ should continue routine age-based screening for at least 20 years|
|After total hysterectomy||No screening necessary||Applies to women without a cervix and without a history of CIN 2, CIN 3, adenocarcinoma in situ, or cancer in the past 20 years|
|After HPV vaccination||Follow the same age-specific recommendations as unvaccinated women|